A year later, Trayvon Martin tragedy still stings

Benjamin Todd Jealous | 4/13/2013, 8:22 a.m.

One year later, the Trayvon Martin tragedy still stings – and some people are still throwing salt on the open wound.


Benjamin Todd Jealous

Last week, George Zimmerman’s brother, Robert Zimmerman, posted a tweet comparing Martin to De’Marquis Elkins, a 17-year-old black teen charged with fatally shooting a 1-year-old baby.

The tweet showed a photo of Elkins side by side with a photo of Martin, both making inappropriate gestures, with the caption “A picture speaks a thousand words. Any questions?”

Zimmerman’s follow-up tweet read “Lib[eral] media [should] ask if what these [two] black teens did [to] a [woman and her baby] is the reason [people] think blacks might [be] risky.” The implication was that Martin’s actions on the night he was murdered were equivalent to the killing of an innocent child.

This would be worrisome enough if it were just the opportunistic cry of a family embroiled in racial controversy. But this belief – that male “black teens” are inherently more likely to be criminals – is ingrained in our society. It has seeped into our institutions in the form of racial profiling, and too often it poisons the judgment of those who are supposed to protect us.

Last year I visited Sanford, Fla. The NAACP hosted a forum where residents could report incidents of police abuse. A number of African-American mothers alleged that their teen sons had been profiled, abused or even assaulted. I found that the attitude of the local police department toward black teens was uncomfortably similar to that of Robert Zimmerman.

But the fact is that 50 years after the Civil Rights Act, racial bias still runs rampant among law enforcement in this country. And Zimmerman’s attitude infects an institution much more influential: the NYPD.

The New York Police Department is fighting a class-action suit against their racially biased practice of “stop-and-frisk.” Stop-and-frisk allows officers to stop, question and physically search any individual they consider suspicious. In 2011, NYPD officers stopped nearly 800,000 people for alleged “suspicious activity.” Nine out of 10 were innocent, 99 percent did not have a gun – and nine out of 10 were black or Latino.

The most revealing tidbit is a secretly recorded conversation between a deputy inspector and a police officer. The inspector is discussing a high-crime neighborhood, and he can be heard telling his patrolman: “The problem was, what, male blacks … And I told you at roll call, and I have no problem telling you this, male blacks 14 to 20, 21.” In other words: Stop more young black boys. Other evidence indicates patrolmen may be encouraged to meet arrest quotas.

Leaked recordings speak volumes about an institution’s priorities. By profiling young teens of color, they are using the same grisly logic as Robert Zimmerman. And the result is apparent: In 2011, black and Latino men between 14 and 24 made up 42 percent of those targeted by stop-and-frisk. That group makes up less than 5 percent of the city’s population.

The crime attributed to Elkins was truly horrific and despicable. But Elkins does not represent an entire demographic, just like Adam Lanza did not act on behalf of all young white men. Racial profiling punishes innocent individuals for the past actions of those who look and sound like them. It has no place in our national discourse and in our police departments.