200,000 die in United States from preventable heart disease and stroke
9/6/2013, 6 a.m.
More than 200,000 preventable deaths from heart disease and stroke occurred in the United States in 2010, a new Vital Signs report from the national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.
More than half of the deaths happened to people younger than 65. And the death rates for African-Americans, particularly black men, and Southerners are disproportionately higher.
The report looked at preventable deaths from heart disease and stroke defined as those that occurred in people under age 75 that could have been prevented by more effective public health measures, lifestyle changes or medical care.
Cardiovascular diseases kill nearly 800,000 Americans each year, accounting for one in three deaths.
However, the report notes that most cardiovascular disease can be managed or prevented by addressing risk factors.
While the number of preventable deaths has declined in people ages 65 to 74, it has remained unchanged in those younger than 65. Men are more than twice as likely as women – and blacks twice as likely as whites – to die from preventable heart disease and stroke.
CDC Director Tom Frieden said the deaths continue despite progress against heart disease and stroke.
“Many of the heart attacks and strokes that will kill people in the coming year could be prevented by reducing blood pressure and cholesterol and stopping smoking,” he said on Sept. 3.
Key facts in the Vital Signs report:
- n Age – Death rates in 2010 were highest among adults age 65-74 years (401.5 per 100,000 population). But preventable deaths have declined faster in those age 65–74 years compared with those under age 65.
- n Race/ethnicity – Blacks are twice as likely – and Hispanics are slightly less likely – as whites to die from preventable heart disease and stroke.
- n Sex – Avoidable deaths from heart disease, stroke and high blood pressure were higher among males (83.7 per 100,000) than females (39.6 per 100,000). Black men have the highest risk. Hispanic men are twice as likely as Hispanic women to die from preventable heart disease and stroke.
- n Location – By state, avoidable deaths from cardiovascular disease ranged from a rate of 36.3 deaths per 100,000 population in Minnesota to 99.6 deaths per 100,000 in the District of Columbia. The highest rates in 2010 were concentrated primarily in the southern Appalachian region and much of Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. The lowest rates were in the West, Midwest, and Northeast regions.
- In Georgia, there were 6,569 avoidable deaths, or 93.8 per 100,000, in 2001 compared with 6,480, or 66.7 per 100,000, in 2010.